Vitenskapelig artikkel   2012

Bøhn, Siv Kjølsrud; Russnes, Kjell Magne; Sakhi, Amrit Kaur; Thoresen, Magne; Holden, Marit; Moskaug, Jan Øivind; Myhrstad, Mari Charlotte; Olstad, Ole Kristoffer; Smeland, Sigbjørn; Blomhoff, Rune

Publication details

Journal:

BMC Cancer, vol. 12, 2012

Publisher:

BioMed Central (BMC)

International Standard Numbers:

Printed: 1471-2407
Electronic: 1471-2407

Links:

DOI: doi.org/10.1186/1471-2407-12-426

Background

We previously observed that a radiotherapy-induced biochemical response in plasma was associated with favourable outcome in head and neck squamous carcinoma cancer (HNSCC) patients. The aim of the present study was to compare stress associated blood cell gene expression between two sub-groups of HNSCC patients with different biochemical responses to radiotherapy.
Methods

Out of 87 patients (histologically verified), 10 biochemical ‘responders’ having a high relative increase in plasma oxidative damage and a concomitant decrease in plasma antioxidants during radiotherapy and 10 ‘poor-responders’ were selected for gene-expression analysis and compared using gene set enrichment analysis.
Results

There was a significant induction of stress-relevant gene-sets in the responders following radiotherapy compared to the poor-responders. The relevance of the involvement of similar stress associated gene expression for HNSCC cancer and radioresistance was verified using two publicly available data sets of 42 HNSCC cases and 14 controls (GEO GSE6791), and radiation resistant and radiation sensitive HNSCC xenografts (E-GEOD-9716).
Conclusions

Radiotherapy induces a systemic stress response, as revealed by induction of stress relevant gene expression in blood cells, which is associated to favourable outcome in a cohort of 87 HNSCC patients. Whether these changes in gene expression reflects a systemic effect or are biomarkers of the tumour micro-environmental status needs further study.