A Review of Universal Design in Ambient Intelligence Environments

  • Aleksander Bai
  • Heidi Camilla Mork
  • Till Halbach
  • Kristin Skeide Fuglerud
  • Wolfgang Leister


This work summarizes the state of research in universal design in ambient intelligence environments. We provide a detailed background, specify relevant research areas, and review research in these areas. We discuss the findings and put them into perspective with regard to universal design and accessibility in smart environments, and point out research shortcomings concerning ambient intelligence and hybrid interactions. Our findings show that the majority of related work needs stronger emphasis on aspects related to universal design in general; universal design in ambient intelligence; universal design in multimodal interactions; and universal design in security, privacy, and other ethical aspects of smart environments.