A stochastic model for infectious salmon anemia (ISA) in Atlantic salmon farming


  • Journal: Journal of the Royal Society Interface, vol. 4, 2007
  • Internasjonale standardnumre:
    • Trykt: 1742-5689
    • Elektronisk: 1742-5662
  • Lenke:

Infectious salmon anemia (ISA) is one of the main infectious diseases in Atlantic salmon farming with major economical implications. Despite the strong regulatory interventions, the ISA epidemic is not under control, worldwide. We study the data covering salmon farming in Norway from 2002 to 2005 and propose a stochastic space-time model for the transmission of the virus. We model seaway transmission between farm sites, transmission through shared management and infrastructure, biomass effects and other potential pathways within the farming industry. We find that biomass has an effect on infectiousness, the local contact network and seaway distance of 5 km represent similar risks, but a large component of risk originates from other sources, among which are possibly infected salmon smolt and boat traffic.