A Fast and Consistent Geostatistical Approach for Constraining 3D Structural Models to Horizontal Wells


The use of horizontal well data in 3D reservoir modeling has become an increasingly important task as the use of horizontal wells has become common practice. Standard gridding approaches are based on the use of well picks to define the positions of stratigraphic surfaces along well bores. Horizontal wells however, are often drilled almost parallel to the stratigraphic layering so the number of horizons intersected along a horizontal well can be relatively few. Therefore, horizontal sections of the well can be used to constrain the structural position of reservoir zones. A robust, geostatistical approach has been developed to ensure consistent use of horizontal well data in the construction of 3D structural models. Kriging is used for prediction of surface location based on well picks and constraints obtained from zone logs along horizontal wells. In contrast to standard approaches, all well data (picks and constraints) from all surfaces are treated simultaneously and will have impact on all surfaces above and below. The geostatistical approach is fast and reproducible, and allows structural models to be updated continuously as new wells are drilled. The uncertainty can be evaluated by kriging error maps or by generating stochastic realizations that honor all the well data.